Jamun or Black Plum is an essential summer fruit that has many health and medical benefits. Polyphenolic compounds of Jamun are effective in combating cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, asthma, and arthritis. Jamun also treats various digestive disorders like flatulence, bowel spasms, gastrointestinal disorder, and dysentery. It is also used as a tonic to improve sexual activity.
Jamun is native to the Indian subcontinent but it is also found widely in various Asian countries. Jamun is known by various names: jambul, java plum, neredu, jamali, rajaman, and blackberry. Jamun has great significance as it helps in Kapha and Pitta in holistic therapies such as Ayurvedic, Unani and Chinese medicines.
Jamun is available in two types:
Jamuns with white toned flesh has lower quantities of pectin, whereas other with dark purplish flesh which is lower in pectin. ( Pectin is a polysaccharide substance found in the flesh of berries and fruits like apples which act as a thickening agent while making jams and jellies).
Jamun finds a special mention as “Fruit of God’s” in Rayamana as Lord Rama survived to eat this berry during his 14 years of forest exile.
Jamun has a small calorie count of 3-4 calorie relative to other berries but are an excellent source of vitamin c, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and other phytochemicals. It also has diuretic, anti-scorbutic and carminative properties and is a rich source of Polyphenolic compounds.
Jamun vinegar is excellent at reducing spleen enlargement, diarrhea, and urine retention problem. Jamun’s diuretic effects wash toxins out of the bloodstream, while the high content of the fibers helps in digestion and prevents nausea and vomiting. Many studies have said that the high alkaloid content present in Jamun is effective in regulating high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. Apart from the fruit, it’s seeds, leaves, and bark are also very useful in some treatments. The seed can be eaten in the form of powder and are used in other health supplements which are available as tablets and capsules.
Being a highly nutritious fruit, Jamun can be eaten raw or taken as juices and is often used in various culinary applications such as salads, smoothies, and jams.
Jamun is a powerhouse made up of different nutritional components. It is filled with vitamin spectrum including Protein, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Calcium, Iron, Fibers, Magnesium, Potassium, Glucose, Sugar, Carbohydrates, Antioxidants, and other important nutrients.
- Low on Calories
- Rich of Fibers
- Excellent source of Vitamin C
- Loaded with Iron
- Rich in bioactive phytochemicals and Polyphenolic compounds
Jamun is also beneficial in various health conditions:-
- In managing Diabetes
- Beneficial in keeping heart healthy
- Helps in losing weight
- Beneficial for Radiant/glowing skin
- Good in treating diarrhea and ulcers.
- It helps in increasing hemoglobin.
Other important and traditional use of Jamun:-
- Jamun is used as medicine in the Ayurvedic period which is helpful in controlling many health diseases.
- Gargling with diluted Jamun juice is used in treating throat problems.
- Urine retention and the enlargement of the spleen can be reduced by drinking juice of ripe Jamun.
- Jamun juice is also helpful for treating a fungal infection on the scalp.
- The crushed leaves of Jamun are helpful in skin problems.
- Roots of Jamun are helpful for treating epilepsy.
- Consuming Jamun on regular basis can provide relief from bleeding hemorrhoids.
- The powder of Jamun seeds is highly beneficial for reducing blood sugar levels.
- Jamun powder/churn is helpful in curing PCOS(Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)which causes female infertility.
- Jamun powder and roots act as a remedy for men who are suffering from diabetes, obesity, and who are experiencing erectile dysfunction and low sex drive.
- TriphalaJamunRas a mixture of osJamun, Amla, Harad andBahera is an ayurvedic concoction that is helpful in treating many problems such as- migraine, vision problems, piles, headaches, and urinary disorders.
Commercial use of Jamun:-
Jamun has many important nutrients in it which are helpful in many ways. Many products are prepared by Jamun which are also beneficial for us- Jamun juice, squash, jelly, jams, candies. Besides all these things Vinegar is also made up of unripe fruit while the excellent quality of the wine is prepared from ripe fruit.
Precautions and side effects of Jamun:-
- Roadside Jamun should be avoided because it may be contaminated by lead and heavy metals.
- Both pregnant and mothers who are breastfeeding should avoid Jamun.
- Since Jamun reduces blood sugar, people, therefore, should not consume before and after their surgery.
- You should stop eating Jamun with an empty stomach
- We should not take milk after eating Jamun.
- Excess Jamun consumption contribute to body ache and can cause fever.
- Excessive feeding is not healthy for the throat and ears either.
- A heavy dose of Jamun can cause coughing and sputum accumulation in the lungs.
- Jamun boosts Vatta, Doshado it should be avoided by people with high Vatta.
- Jamun should not be taken by people who have atherosclerosis and blood clotting history.